PIMRIS Regional Repositry
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close this section of the library 2. Other Reports

(61)
View the PDF document Analyses of the deep-water demersal fishery in Tonga
Author(s): King, M.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1992
ASFA Keywords: Deep-sea fisheries, Fishing industry, Fishery development

View the PDF document Baseline survey of Maninita Island, Va'vau, Kingdom of Tonga
Author(s): Watling, D.
Publisher: Department of Environment, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 2002
Notes: Preliminary report
ASFA Keywords: Baseline studies, Protected areas, Recreation
Abstract: Maninita, the southernmost island of the Va'vau group is an important seabird nesting site and a proposed national protected area as identified by the Government of Tonga's Ministry of Lands, Survey and Natural Resorces.

View the PDF document Biological survey and management of mullet resource in Tonga (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 4, 1995)
Author(s): Fa'anunu, 'U., Kimura, T.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 37-45
Abstract: The resource of Mugil cephalus in Tonga has been reduced by overfishing during the last few decades. To meet the local demand for mullet, a five-year project of the Ministry of Fisheries is evaluating the feasibility of mullet pen culture in Fanga'uta lagoon.

View the PDF document Breeding season of the Tongan shellfish 3. Elongated giant clam (kukukuku), Tridacna maxima (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 3, 1995)
Author(s): Manu, N., Sone, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 25-33
ASFA Keywords: Clam fisheries, Breeding, Breeding seasons
Abstract: Monthly samples of T. maxima were taken at Vuna Wharf fish market in Tongatapu Island from April 1992 to March 1993. T. maxima at 40-59mm SL were all male. The ratio of hermaphrodite shells grandually increased from 60mm SL to 140mm SL at which size all shells became hermaphrodite.

View the PDF document Breeding season of the Tongan shellfish. 4. Turbans ('Elili), Turbo spp. (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 6, 1996)
Author(s): Manu, N., Sone, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 1-8
ASFA Keywords: Shellfish fishery, Breeding seasons, Fishery development
Abstract: Monthly samples of Turbo setosus were taken in the Tongatapu island group from April 1992 to March 1993. The maximum gonad index was observed in April 1992, however, another three peaks also appeared with 3 - 4 months intervals. Spawning of T. setosus seems to occur throughout the year in Tonga.

View the PDF document Breeding season of Tongan shellfish. 1. Venus clam (To'o), Gafrarium spp. (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 1, 1994)
Author(s): Sone, S.
Publisher: Tonga Ministry of Fisheries
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1994
Notes: pp. 13-19
ASFA Keywords: Shellfish fisheries, Breeding seasons
Abstract: Monthly samples of venus clams, Gafrarium pectinatum and G. tumidum, were taken at Vuna fish market in Nuku'alofa throughout the year. Examination of gonadal maturation condition of the samples showed that the spawning of G. pectinatum occurs throughout the year while that of G. tumidum occurs only in summer months from November to March.

View the PDF document Breeding season of Tongan shellfish. 2. Ark clams (Kaloa'a), Anadara spp. (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 2, 1994)
Author(s): Sone, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1994
Notes: pp. 19-26
ASFA Keywords: Breeding seasons, Shellfish fisheries, Mollusc fisheries
Abstract: By examination of sex ratio of A. antiquata and A. maculosa of various size groups, it has been shown that the former species performs sex inversion from male to female at the size range between 45mm and 60mm in shell length. The latter species does not seem to perform such sex inversion.

View the PDF document Breeding season of Tongan shellfish. 5. Short-spine sea urchin (Tukumisi), Tripneustes gratilla (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 6, 1996)
Author(s): Loto'ahea, T., Sone, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 9-14
ASFA Keywords: Echinoderm fisheries, Breeding, Fishery development
Abstract: Monthly samples of the short-spine sea urchin, Tripneustes gratilla, were taken at Vuna fish market in Nukualofa from January to November 1995. The average gonad index of each sample was determined and the seasonal trend was found to follow the seasonal change of sea water temperature with the exception of February and May.

View the PDF document Completion report on artisanal fisheries development project
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1993
Notes: Attachment C - Fishing for bottomfish in Tonga by R.Gillett
ASFA Keywords: Artisanal fishing, Resource development, Boat Building, Fishing vessels
Abstract: resource surveys by the FAO and SPC in the 1970s showed that favourable catches of deepwater snappers could be made in Tonga's outer reef slopes and seamounts. With the assistance of the regional FAO/UNDP programme a fisheries project to develop this fishery resource was formulated.

View the PDF document Country report on conservation and sustainable management of coral reefs in the Kingdom of Tonga
Author(s): Ngaluafe, P. F.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries
Place: Tonga
Date: n.d.
Notes: A country report prepared for the Ministry of Fisheries
ASFA Keywords: Coral reefs, Evaluation, Sustainable development

View the PDF document Development estimate of the Kingdom of Tonga for the year ending 30 June 1998
Publisher: Government Printer
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1998
Notes: In English and Tonga
ASFA Keywords: Financing, Planning, Resource development
Abstract: Estimates of revenue and expenditure for the year for Ministry of fisheries

View the PDF document Dredging/sand mining at the Pangaimotu/Toula Causeway: Impacts on the environment and coastal fisheries
Author(s): Palaki, A., Samani, T., Masi, M.
Publisher: Technical and Sustainable Division, Department of Environment
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 2005
ASFA Keywords: Dredging, Sedimentation, Pollution effects, Indicator species, Phytobenthos, Invertebrates, Reef fish
Abstract: Dredging operation causes devastating effects on the environment, as well as it's resources.

View the PDF document Eua survey report
Author(s): Nakaya, S.
Place: [np]
Date: 2002
ASFA Keywords: Coral reefs

View the PDF document Experiments of mullet pen culture in Fanga'uta lagoon in 1994 (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 5, 1996)
Author(s): Paongo, 'O., Kimura, T.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 39-49
ASFA Keywords: Mullet fisheries, Cage culture, Experimental culture, Fishery development
Abstract: The declining mullet resource in Tonga has prompted the undertaking of a technical and economical feasibility study on mullet culture, as one of the main objectives in the joint Tonga-Japan Aquaculture Research and Development Project.

View the PDF document FFA Offshore limits : Tonga
Author(s): Forum Fisheries Agency
Publisher: Forum Fisheries Agency
Place: Honiara (Solomon Islands)
Date: 1996
Notes: A country report
ASFA Keywords: Offshore structures, Boundaries, Coastal zone

View the PDF document Fish and meat consumption of Tongan people (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 1, 1994)
Author(s): Finau, T. L., Udagawa, K., Nakajo, N.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1994
Notes: pp. 29-36
ASFA Keywords: Market research, Consumers, Surveys, Fishery economics
Abstract: A questionnaire was used to establish an estimate of marine product and meat consumption by Tongatapu people. By analyzing 79 answers, it has been found that most of the people prefer marine products to meats except for young women in their teens and twenties.

View the PDF document Fishing pressure on the resource of the elongated giant clam, Tridacna maxima, in Tonga (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 3, 1995)
Author(s): Kava, V., Udagawa, K., Ikenoue, H.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 11-17
ASFA Keywords: Clam fisheries, Fishery statistics, Fishery data, Fishery management
Abstract: The size distribution of T. maxima landed at Vuna Wharf fish market indicated that the stock of T. maxima was subjected to stronger fishing pressure in 1992-94 than in 1979. The stock of clams larger than 100mm SL has decreased to such a low level that the catch of larger clams cannot be increased by intensifying fising effort.

View the PDF document Giant clam fishing off Tongatapu Island (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 2, 1994)
Author(s): Kava, V., Udagawa, K.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1994
Notes: pp. 43-46
ASFA Keywords: Clam fisheries, Resource management, Fishery data
Abstract: It has long been said that resource management measures should be introduced to prevent depletion of giant clam resources casued by overfishing (Mckoy, 1980; Munro, 1993). However, scientifically justifiable management measures have not been established yet.

View the PDF document Giant clam marketing in Tonga (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 5, 1996)
Author(s): Fa'anunu, 'U., Loto'ahea, T., Sone, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 69-75
ASFA Keywords: Clam fisheries, Clam culture, Market research, Marketing
Abstract: In order to support the giant clam stock enhancement program in Tonga, and to earn foreign currency, several markets for the cultured giant clams were investigated. Only the aquarium market was found suitable for the current production level and growth rate of the clams.

View the PDF document Government of Tonga : Excepts from the report of the Ministry of Agriculture 1970 -1972
Author(s): Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forests - Tonga
Publisher: Government of Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1972
ASFA Keywords: Resource development, Production management, Financial management

View the PDF document Green snail habitat and behaviour from a diver fisherman's perspective (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 5, 1996)
Author(s): Kikutani, K.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 13-27
ASFA Keywords: Gastropod fisheries, Fishery development, Fishery statistics, Fishery surveys
Abstract: The resources of green snail have been vanishing from many islands in the Fyukyus over the last decade beacuse of heavy overfishing. Therefore, fish farming centres in both Kagoshima and Okinawa Prefecture have commenced producing and releasing green snail seed over the last five years.

View the PDF document Growth of fingerlings of big-belly mullet, Liza macrolepis, fed with local products (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 2, 1994)
Author(s): Fale, P., Paongo, O., Niumeitolu, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1994
Notes: pp. 1-6
ASFA Keywords: Mullet fisheries, Feed experiments, Breeding, Fisheries development
Abstract: Effects on the growth of big-belly mullet, Liza macrolepis, was examined for three kinds of locally produced materials, namely, cassava, squash pumpkin and beer brewery residue, in a rearing experiment. All materials were processed to meal and mixed with formula feed for carp imported from Japan at 1:1 in weight before given to each batch of fish reared in separate tanks.

View the PDF document Integrated fisheries survey report
Author(s): Udagawa, K.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Date: 1996
ASFA Keywords: Fisheries, Catch statistics, Resource conservation

View the PDF document An interim report for designing of coral reefs monitoring through comparison of 3 different methods: Manta-tow, spot check and reef check transect
Author(s): Nakaya, S.
Publisher: Department of Environment, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 2002
ASFA Keywords: Coral reefs, Coral, Environmental monitoring

View the PDF document Lobster fishery in Tongatapu, Tonga: Management options and their economic impact to fishery (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 4, 1995)
Author(s): Udagawa, K., Fa'anunu, U.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 47-58
ASFA Keywords: Lobster fisheries, Legislation, Fishery management
Abstract: Lobster resource in Tongatapu has been under high fishing pressure and the resource seems to have declined at the same time as the size of lobsters (P. penicillatus) has decreased. New Fisheries (Conservation and Management) Regulations, 1994 were recently enacted although the enforcement part of the regulations is not exercised yet.

View the PDF document Marketing trial of cultured giant clam, Tridacna gigas, in Tonga (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 4, 1995)
Author(s): Fa'anunu, 'U., Paongo, 'O., Sone, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 7-13
ASFA Keywords: Clam fisheries, Clam culture, Marketing
Abstract: A marketing trial of the cultured giant clam, Tridacna gigas, was carried out in October 1994. The clams were sold at T$1.00 - T$4.00 per piece depending on their size. All the clams on sale were 4-year old and still immature with no development of gonads.

View the PDF document Mullet fry collection for culture along the coast of Tongatapu Island (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 1, 1994)
Author(s): Fa'anunu, U., Fale, P., Pa'ongo, O., Taholo, L., Kawaguchi, M.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1994
Notes: pp. 1-6
ASFA Keywords: Mullet fisheries, Mullet culture, Fisheries development
Abstract: Collection of mullet fry with a beach seine net was conducted fortnightly from April 1992 to March 1993 at six locations along the coast of the Tongatapu Island.

View the PDF document Mullet resource and aquaculture in Tonga: Background of mullet pen culture trial (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 5, 1996)
Author(s): Kimura, T., Fa'anunu, 'U.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 29-37
ASFA Keywords: Mullet fisheries, Cage culture, Aquaculture, Fishery development
Abstract: The decline of the mullet resource has been a concern to the people since the early 1970s in Tonga (Wilkinson 1977, Ludwig 1979, Zann et al, 1984). The Ministry of Fisheries had conducted several research projects for the mullet resource, such as a biological survey and pond culture trial, as well as conservation programs, however, no effective results had been confirmed.

View the PDF document Ocean culture of giant clam in Tonga: An aspect of managing giant clam resources (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 4, 1995)
Author(s): Loto'ahea, T., Sone, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 25-30
ASFA Keywords: Clam fisheries, Clam culture, Fishery management
Abstract: A series of surveys were conducted to ascertain the present situation of giant clam resources in Tonga. Tridacna derasa was found to be the most exploited species. In order to enhance the T. derasa resource, the ministry's hatchery is producing annually 50,000 seed clams for future release.

View the PDF document Operation pattern of fish markets on Tongatapu Island (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 1, 1994)
Author(s): Tulua, S., Udagawa, K.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1994
Notes: pp. 21-28
ASFA Keywords: Surveys, Fishery products, Market research
Abstract: One week survey on sales of fisheries products was conducted at Vuna and Faua (road side) fish markets in Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu Island. The largest sale was recorded for Saturday followed by Friday.

View the PDF document Options for the management of the Faua fish market
Author(s): Elsy, R.
Publisher: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forests
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1986
Notes: A report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forests
ASFA Keywords: Fishery resources, Market research, Surveys , Fishery development
Abstract: To examine present fish marketing structure, infrastructure plans, programmes and materials available for immediate future fish marketing operations, together with the fish market site at the new Faua harbour, its access and operational design, and the plans for expanding artisanal and industrial fisheries.

View the PDF document Pangaimotu survey report: Pangaimotu reef flat
Author(s): Nakaya, S.
Date: 2002
ASFA Keywords: Coral reefs, Coral

View the PDF document Pilot study of the biology of the sandfish in Tonga
Author(s): Bobko, S. J.
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1993
Notes: Pilot plan was initiated through a joint Ministry of Lands, Survey and Natural Resources and Ministry of Fisheries project
ASFA Keywords: Echinoderm fisheries, Statistical analysis, Fishery development
Abstract: Information gathered from this project to provide the necessary

View the PDF document A preliminary seed production of green snail (Turbo marmoratus) in Tonga (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 5, 1996)
Author(s): Manu, N., Fa'anunu, 'U., Niumeitolu, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 1-12
ASFA Keywords: Gastropod fisheries, Fishery development, Breeding, Rearing
Abstract: Green snail, Turbo marmoratus, is a very important marine resource in the South Pacific Island countries. Although there are suitable habitats in Tonga, this species does not occur naturally.

View the PDF document A preliminary survey of the proposed Vava'u Southern Islands (Maninita, Taula, Lualolu) protected area
Publisher: Tourism Resource Consultants, Wellington
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 2001
Notes: A report submitted unaltered by Toursim Resource Consultants and managers for Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade (NZ Government) to Govenment of Tonga for consideration
ASFA Keywords: Protected areas, Biodiversity, Recreation
Abstract: Maninita and its neighbouring islands of Taula and Lauloli provide a real opportunity to establish a 'protected area' with high to very high biodiversity conservation value.

View the PDF document The present situation of fisheries in the Tongatapu Island group (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 2, 1994)
Author(s): Tu'avao, T., Kava, V., Udagawa, K.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1994
Notes: pp. 27-42
ASFA Keywords: Fishery statistics, Fishing industry, Fisheries development
Abstract: There are three types of fisheries in the Tongatapu island group, namely export oriented fisheries, small scale commerical fisheries and subsistence fisheries. Export oriented fisheries consist of the tuna long line fishery and deep sea bottom line fishery. The small scale commercial fishery consists of the diving fishery, net fishery, fish fence fishery, hand line fishery, trolling fishery and shellfish collecting.

View the PDF document Present status of giant clam culture in Tonga (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 5, 1996)
Author(s): Loto'ahea, T., Sone, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 59-68
ASFA Keywords: Clam culture, Clam fisheries, Stock assessment, Fishery management
Abstract: In recent years, giant clam culture methods have been improved in Tonga as well as in many other countries. The appropriate number of giant clam productinos in the hatchery were sought with the aim of enhancing the giant clam resources in the wild.

View the PDF document The present status of introduced trochus and green snail in the Tongatapu Island group (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 4, 1995)
Author(s): Kikutani, K., Fa'anunu, 'U., Manu, N.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 31-36
ASFA Keywords: Marine molluscs, Mollusc fisheries, Fishery development, Surveys
Abstract: Trochus, Trochus niloticus, and green snail, Turbo marmoratus, contribute to the foreign income of the South Pacific Islands countries, however, although there are suitable habitats for them, neither species occurs naturally in Tonga.

View the PDF document Results of the field surveys on giant clam stock in the Tongatapu Island group (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 3, 1995)
Author(s): Tu'avao, T., Loto'ahea, T., Udagawa, K., Sone, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 1-10
ASFA Keywords: Clam fisheries, Surveys, Fishery data, Fisheries development, Stock assessment
Abstract: A series of surveys was conducted on the giant clam stocks in the Tongatapu Island group by the towing, free swimming, transect line and scuba diving methods. The density of T. maxima was high at Ha'atafu and Hakauiki Reef. The giant clam stock seems to have greatly decreased around Hakau Mamao Reef since 1979.

View the PDF document Sailmaking consultancy in Tongatapu, Ha'apai, Vava'u
Author(s): Page, P.
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1985
Notes: FAO Consultant report on Sailmaking Consultancy - Project RAS/73/025
ASFA Keywords: Report literature, Sails, Training
Abstract: To train local boatbuilding staff to construct sails, maintain machinery and to establish sail lofts in Tongatapu, Ha'apai and Vava'u.

View the PDF document Soil sedimentation effect on the coastal marine environment: Tefisi village, Vava’u
Author(s): Palaki, A., Samani, T., Masi, M.
Publisher: Technical and Sustainable Division, Department of Environment
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 2005
ASFA Keywords: Sedimentation, Soils, Indicator species, Environmental impact

View the PDF document Status of Fanga’uta lagoon, Tonga : Monitoring of water quality and seagrass communities 1998-2000
Author(s): Fakatava, T., Lepa, S. T., Matoto, L., Ngaluafe, P. F., Palaki, A., Tupou, S.
Editor(s): Kaly, U.
Date: 2000
Notes: Tonga National Monitoring Team, Scientific monitoring report 1
ASFA Keywords: Water quality, Long-term changes, Indicator species, Chemical analysis
Abstract: Past studies have suggested that Fanga'uta Lagoon is in poor condition and further declining. Public have been making requests for information because they noticed tha the quality and quantity of marine resources are declining.

View the PDF document Stock enhancement trial to a low productivity lake: A review of tilapia introduction and a follow up survey of a grey mullet releasing experiment in Lake Ano, Vava'u (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 4, 1995)
Author(s): Kimura, T., Fa'anunu, 'U., Siola'a, M.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 15-23
ASFA Keywords: Mullet fisheries, Surveys, Fishery development, Freshwater fish
Abstract: Tilapia mosambica was introduced into Lake Ano, Vava'u in 1957 and has established a good fishery stock to the previously poor producing, isolated, brackish water lake. The success is due to good management and cooperation of the people living near the lake as well as the adaptability of the tilapia species.

View the PDF document Study of lobsters, families palinuridae and scyllaridae, in the Kingdom of Tonga (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 6, 1996)
Author(s): Kava, V., Fa'anunu, 'U., Udagawa, K.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 53-72
ASFA Keywords: Lobster fisheries, Fishery development, Fishery management
Abstract: Three species of lobsters in Tonga, Panurilus penicillatus, P. longipes and Parribacus caledonicus were investigated between March 1993 and January 1995.

View the PDF document A supplementary feed design for mullet pen culture in Tongatapu Island, Kingdom of Tonga: An elemental study of feed composed of local products for mullet, Liza macrolepis (Smith) (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 5, 1996)
Author(s): Kobayashi, K., Paongo, 'O., Maliu, L.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 51-58
ASFA Keywords: Mullet fisheries, Cage culture, Feeding experiments, Feed composition
Abstract: Mullet feeding experiments were carried out for 14 days under laboratory conditions using 200 mullets, divided in four lots, weighing from 10.3 to 10.8g in mean weight among lots. The relationship between daily rate of feeding (r) and daily rate of growth 9g) was presented by the formula r=0.04251f - 0.002926 and the rate for maintenance of the body weight was m=6.88% of body weight when fed the experimental feed composed of yam, copra meal, tuna meat and wheat flour....

View the PDF document A supplementary feed design for mullet pen culture in Tongatapu Island, Kingdom of Tonga. II. Elementary study of feed composed of local products for mullet, Liza macrolepis and Mugil Cephalus (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 6, 1996)
Author(s): Kobayashi, K., Paongo, 'O., Maliu, L.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 15-38
ASFA Keywords: Mullet fisheries, Mullet culture, Cage culture, Feeding experiments, Feed composition
Abstract: A series of mullet feeding experiments were carried out to determine supplementary feed for mullet extensive culture. Two series of feeding experiments were conducted under laboratory conditions, and one under penculture conditions.

View the PDF document A supplementary feed design for mullet pen culture in Tongatapu Island, Kingdom of Tonga. III. Elementary study of feed for fry of Mugil cephalus (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 6, 1996)
Author(s): Kobayashi, K., Paongo, 'O., Maliu, L.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1996
Notes: pp. 39-52
ASFA Keywords: Mullet fisheries, Cage culture, Feed composition, Feeding experiments
Abstract: Two sets of feeding experiments were conducted to examine the profitability of mullet pen culture starting from fry stage of M. cephalus.

View the PDF document Survey Report Draft - Ha’apai
Author(s): Nakaya, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 2007
Notes: 13-16 August 2002
ASFA Keywords: Coral reefs, Coral

View the PDF document A tank culture trial of the seaweed, Gracilaria sp. (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 3, 1995)
Author(s): Manu, N., Kava, V., Kikutani, K.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 19-24
ASFA Keywords: Seaweeds, Seaweed culture, Fisheries development
Abstract: The red algae of genus Gracilaria is important as food for the green snail in its seed production and brood stock culture (Kikutani, 1994). The Ministry of Fisheries of Tonga presently maintains 73 green snails in a 4.5m3 concrete raceway tank with Gracilaria sp. as the main food.

View the PDF document Test selling of cultured mullet at the fish market (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 3, 1995)
Author(s): Fale, P., Paongo, O., Vi, F., Kimura, T.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 35-37
ASFA Keywords: Mullet fisheries, Marketing, Economic analysis
Abstract: Mullet is the most highly appreciated fish by Tongan people, however, the mullet is constantly in short supply and cannot meet the strong demand. Therefore, a technical and economical feasibility study on the mullet culture has been taken up as one of the main objectives in the joint Tonga-Japan Aquaculture Research and Development Project.

View the PDF document Tonga Fisheries Division fishermens registration summary 1986
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1986
Notes: Figures taken from fishermen who were interviewed
ASFA Keywords: Fishermen statistics, Economics, Fishery development

View the PDF document Tonga Fisheries Division report of fishing around F.A.D
Publisher: Department of Fisheries, Tonga.
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1982
ASFA Keywords: Fish aggregating devices, Evaluation, Fishery development

View the PDF document Tonga fisheries engineering boat maintenance work done report and the history (Feb 1982 - Aug 1986)
Author(s): Nagasaka, M.
Publisher: Department of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1986
Notes: (Feb 1982 -Aug 1986)
ASFA Keywords: Fishing vessels, Data acquisition, Maintenance and repair

View the PDF document Tonga monthly trade report
Author(s): Statistics Department, Tonga
Publisher: Statistics Department, Government of Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1992
Notes: Trade Statistic of the Kingdom for the month of Janurary 1992 - June 1992
ASFA Keywords: Trade, Statistics, Policies
Abstract: The main purpose is to produce these statistics to serve fiscal policy needs

View the PDF document Tonga national assessment report: Synopsis of issues, activities, needs and constraints - sustainable development 1992 - 2002
Author(s): Department of Environment, Tonga
Publisher: Department of Environment
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 2002
Notes: World Summit on Sustainable Development (RIO +10), Johannesburg, 2002
ASFA Keywords: Sustainable development, Climatic changes, Marine resources, Fresh water

View the PDF document Tonga report - Climate change, variability and sea level rise
Author(s): Fa'anunu, 'U.
Publisher: Ministry of Civil Aviation and Meteorological Services
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 2002
Notes: A requirement for National Communications to the Conference of the Parties (COP) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

View the PDF document Tonga's artisanal fisheries
Author(s): Leon, P., Zann, B.
Publisher: Institute of Marine Resources, The University of the South Pacific
Place: Suva (Fiji)
Date: 1981
ASFA Keywords: Artisanal fishing, Resource surveys, Energy resources
Abstract: This survey is part of a regional study of the small fishing craft and the artisanal fisheries of the South Pacific, and the effect of the energy crisis on the small-scale fisherman

View the PDF document Transport of live green snails, Turbo marmoratus, from Japan to Tonga (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 3, 1995)
Author(s): Fa'anunu, 'U., Kikutani, K.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1995
Notes: pp. 39-41
ASFA Keywords: Gastropod fisheries, Air transportation, Survival
Abstract: The green snail, Turbo marmoratus, was first introduced to Tonga from Vanuatu in 1993, to create a new fishery of this commercially valuable species. Fifty live green snails were transported by air on August 8, 1993. The flight from Vanuatu to Tonga took seventeen hours and twenty minutes and the survival rate of the snails was 100% one week later (Fa'anunu and Sone, 1994).

View the PDF document Transport of live green snails, Turbo marmoratus, from Vanuatu to Tonga (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 1, 1994)
Author(s): Fa'anunu, U., Sone, S.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1994
Notes: pp. 7-11
ASFA Keywords: Gastropod fisheries, Breeding, Fisheries development
Abstract: Fifty live green snails, Turbo marmoratus, were successfully transported from Vanuatu to Tonga. The average body weight of the green snails was 2kg. The green snails were packed in plastic containers with paper towels wetted by seawater which contained streptomycin sulfate at 50 ppm in concentration. Transportation time was seventeen hours and twenty minutes.

View the PDF document The trapping survey in the Fanga'uta lagoon
Author(s): Kawasaki, H.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1988
ASFA Keywords: Trap fishing, Evaluation, Commerical fishing
Abstract: The purpose of this trapping survey is to find out if this fishing method can be used onto a commercial base

View the PDF document Water quality of Fanga'uta lagoon as the site for mullet culture (In Fisheries Research Bulletin of Tonga, Volume 2, 1994)
Author(s): Paongo, O.
Publisher: Ministry of Fisheries, Tonga
Place: Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
Date: 1994
Notes: pp. 7-17
ASFA Keywords: Water quality, Water analysis, Mullet culture, Mullet fisheries
Abstract: Water samples were taken at the inner western part, entrance of the western part and entrance of the eastern part of Fanga'uta lagoon as well as several locations along the northern coast of Tongatapu Island near the entrance of the lagoon.

© 2009 PIMRIS Coordinator, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji, Tel (679) 323 2934 or email pimris@usp.ac.fj.